Émilie du Chatelet (1706-1749)  

Expecting, she works with urgency on the translation of Newton’s work to French (universal language during the 18th century). She finishes the translation of “Philosophia Naturalis Principia Mathematica” (still a reference today) and dies during childbirth. Mathematician and Physician, she experimentally proves that kinetic energy is proportional to object’s mass and to the square of its speed. She is one of the major players in the spread of the scientific revolution in Europe during the Enlightenment.